The Narendra Modi-led National Democratic Alliance (NDA) government has approved the New Education Policy (NEP). The decision was taken at the Cabinet meet on Wednesday.
The draft New Education Policy 2019 was made public in June last year and the government sought suggestions from various stakeholders, including public till July 31, 2019. The draft faced stiff opposition from various quarters overits three-language formula, four-year B.Ed programme, board examination for Classes V and VIII, among others. The Union Ministry is learnt to have made some changes in the draft.
School Education secretary Anita Karwal says there are path breaking reforms in the policy. She lists out the important takeaways in the NEP.
Universalisation of early childhood care education has been included. NCERT will develop
curriculum, she says. There will be a National Mission on Foundational Literacy and Numeracy. Subject introduction and exploration will be in middle school
Coding will be taught from Class VI.
There will be no rigid separation between arts and sciences, curricular and extra-curricular. All subjects like music will be taught.
Kasturba Gandhi Balika Vidyalaya will be extended to class 12 Vocational integration will be from class 6, internships will be included. Students can intern with local crafts and trades for 10 days. For example, a student can work at a local laundry.
The NEP plans to reduced the importance of Board exams. Board exams to be split into two parts - objective and descriptive. Medium of instruction should be mothertongue orregional language till class 5, preferably till class 8. Report cards will include students' self-assessment as well as by teachers.